Federal Pre-Trial Release Statistics

2009-2010

Image courtesy nicic.gov

Image courtesy nicic.gov

Introduction

This document presents pretrial release statistics for federal defendants.  Data is presented concerning defendants released by offense, their personal characteristics, and their behavior while on federal pre-trial release.  All data concerns the October 1, 2009 to September 30, 2010 time period.  All data presented was provided by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Federal Pretrial Release: Defendants Released by Offense

Most Serious Offense     |        All Defendants        |     Number     |     Percent

 

All Offenses                                  104,699                 35,929             34.3%

   Violent Offenses                           3,083                    720                  23.4%

   Murder                                           287                       46                    16.0%

   Negligent Manslaughter                  3                           2                     —-%

   Assault                                          821                       329                  40.1%

   Robbery                                         1,154                    145                  12.6%

   Sexual Abuse                                  644                       175                  26.4%

   Kidnapping                                     125                       15                    12.0%

   Threats Against the President         29                         8                      27.6%

Property Offenses                              16,476                  11,370              69.0%

   Fraudulent                                      13,957                  9,540                68.4%

      Embezzlement                              651                      628                   96.5%

      Fraud                                           12,344                 8,314                67.4%

      Forgery                                        38                        29                     76.3%

      Counterfeiting                              924                      569                   61.6%

   Other                                              2,519                   1,830                72.6%

      Burglary                                        61                       24                     39.3%

      Larceny                                        1,927                   1,509                78.3%

      Motor Vehicle Theft                       114                      32                    28.1%

      Arson and Explosives                     186                      91                    48.9%

      Transportation of Stolen Property   135                      94                    69.6%

      Other Property Offenses                 96                       80                    83.3%

Drug Offenses                                      28,438                9,184                32.3%

   Trafficking                                        22,501              7,024                31.2%

   Possession and Other Drug Offenses   5,937                  2,160                36.4%

Public-Order Offenses                           7,952                  4,703                59.1%

   Regulatory                                         1,418                  967                   68.2%

      Agriculture                                      2                        2                       —-%

      Antitrust                                         19                      19                      100%

      Food and Drug                                 58                      53                      91.4%

      Transportation                                209                     130                    62.2%

      Civil Rights                                     72                       63                      87.5%

      Communications                              48                       46                      95.8%

      Custom Laws                                   174                     106                     60.9%

      Postal Laws                                     108                     97                       89.8%

      Other Regulatory Offenses               728                     451                      62.0%

   Other                                                 6,534                  3,736                   57.2%

      Tax Law Violations                           584                     562                      96.2%

      Bribery                                            151                     139                      92.1%

      Perjury, Contempt, and Intimidation 204                     134                      65.7%

      National Defense                              177                     91                        51.4%

      Escape                                             532                     64                        12.0%

      Racketeering and Extortion               1,159                  370                      31.9%

      Gambling                                          8                        7                         —-%

      Liquor Offenses                                 2                        1                         —-%

      Nonviolent Sex Offenses                    2,153                  1,039                   48.3%

      Obscene Material                               25                      17                        68.0%

      Traffic Offenses                                1,007                  932                      92.6%

      Wildlife                                             96                       92                       95.8%

      Environmental                                   52                       50                       96.2%

      All Other Offenses                             384                      238                     62.0%

Weapon Offenses                                    7,066                   1,804                  25.5%

Immigration Offenses                              40,897                 7,704                  18.8%

 

Federal Pretrial Release: Defendant Personal Characteristics

Defendant Characteristics     |     All Defendants     |     Number Released     |     Percent

 

   All Defendants                              100,622                   32,211                         32.0%

Sex

   Male                                             86,752                    24,073                          27.7%

   Female                                         13,719                    8,087                            58.9%

Race

   White                                           77,775                    23,198                          29.8%

   Black/African American                 18,465                    6,904                            37.4%

   American Indian/Alaska Native      1,465                      632                               43.1%

   Asian/Pacific Islander                    1,668                      916                               54.9%

Hispanic/Latino Origin

   Hispanic/Latino                             59,230                    11,679                          19.7%

   Non-Hispanic/Latino                      40,380                    20,103                          49.8%

Age

   16-18                                             845                         275                               30.1%

   19-20                                             3,801                      1,234                            32.5%

   21-30                                             36,162                    9,811                            27.1%

   31-40                                             32,845                    9,064                            27.6%

   41 or Older                                     26,828                    11,789                          43.9%

Education

   Less Than High School Graduate      22,185                    7,365                            33.2%

   High School Graduate                      23,393                    12,406                          53.0%

   Some College                                  890                         650                               73.0%

   College Graduate                             4,016                     3,056                             76.1%

Employment Status at Arrest

   Unemployed                                    12,196                    3,417                             28.0%

   Employed                                        9,867                      5,068                             51.4%

Criminal Record

   No Conviction or Arrest                    40,094                    16,636                           41.5%

   Misdemeanor Conviction Only           18,727                    6,506                             34.7%

   Felony Conviction

      Nonviolent                                     25,123                   6,125                             24.4%

      Violent                                          16,665                    2,940                             17.6%

Number of Prior Convictions

   1                                                      15,767                   4,853                             30.7%

   2 to 4                                               24,561                   6,538                             26.6%

   5 or More                                          20,167                   4,180                             20.7%

Court Appearance History

   No Prior Arrests                                  28,331                 12,300                            43.4%

   Failure to Appear

   None                                                   57,242                16,072                            28.1%

   1                                                        6,505                  1,870                              28.7%

   2 or More                                            8,531                  1,965                              23.0%

Drug Abuse

   No Known History                                 16,510                 8,919                             54.0%

   Drug History                                        38,283                 16,150                           42.2%

 

 Federal Pretrial Release: Behavior of Federal Pretrial Release Defendants

 

Offense Charged          |  No Violation|  At Least One Violation| Technical Violation|  Release Revoked

 

All Offenses                        84.9%                   15.1%                           15.8%                        9.9%

Violent Offenses                     77.0%                   23.0%                           28.7%                       23.5%

Property Offenses                   87.7%                   12.3%                           11.4%                       6.4%

Fraudulent Offenses             88.1%                   11.9%                           10.8%                       6.1%

Other Property Crimes          85.8%                   14.2%                           14.0%                       8.0%

Drug Offenses                         74.6%                   25.4%                           27.6%                       17.6%

Public-Order Offenses              88.7%                   11.3%                           11.4%                       6.4%

Regulatory Offenses              90.4%                   9.6%                            9.7%                         5.5%

Other Public-Order Offenses88.3%                   11.7%                           11.8%                       6.6%

Weapons Offenses                   69.5%                   30.5%                           32.5%                       21.7%

Immigration Offenses              97.0%                    3.0%                            3.5%                         2.4%

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Source: All data presented in this Federal Pretrial Release Statistics page comes from Federal Justice Statistics, 2010 — Statistical Tables (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2013).

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